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3 edition of Mechanisms of selective listening reflected by event-related brain potentials in humans found in the catalog.

Mechanisms of selective listening reflected by event-related brain potentials in humans

Kimmo Alho

Mechanisms of selective listening reflected by event-related brain potentials in humans

by Kimmo Alho

  • 349 Want to read
  • 34 Currently reading

Published by Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia, Distribution, Akateeminen Kirjakauppa in Helsinki .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Auditory evoked response.,
  • Listening.,
  • Auditory perception.

  • Edition Notes

    Bibliography: p. 80-86.

    Statementby Kimmo Alho.
    SeriesAnnales Academiae Scientiarum Fennicae., 46
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQP461 .A44 1987
    The Physical Object
    Pagination86 p. :
    Number of Pages86
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL2111996M
    ISBN 109514105613
    LC Control Number88165842

    1. 1. Recent experimental studies on the neurophysiological basis of auditory selective attention and sensory memory forming the sensory-data basis for tuning the selective-attention system in humans are reviewed. 2. 2. The results demonstrate that the transient Hz response is enhanced by selective attention, attenuated in the course of long-term stimulation, but is not . Event-related brain potentials of masked repetition and semantic priming while listening to sentences Petra B. Schumachera,b ∗, Valentina Bambinic d, Hanna Weilanda a Department of English and Linguistics, Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Germany b Independent Emmy Noether-Research Group, Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Germany c Center.

    Since the state of the brain changes on a millisecond by millisecond basis, it is important to have information about which areas of the brain are changing at this rate during different behaviours. The degree to which a method tracks changes in time is . 4 Event-Related Brain Potentials: Methods, Theory, and Applications MONICA FABIANI, GABRIELE GRATTON, & KARA D. FEDERMEIER 1. INTRODUCTION AND HISTORICAL CONTEXT Ever since Berger () demonstrated that it is possi-ble to record the electrical activity of the brain by plac-ing electrodes on the surface of the scalp, there has beenFile Size: 1MB.

    Abstract The neuroelectric activity of the human brain that accompanies linguistic processing can be studied through recordings of event-related potentials (e.r.p. components) from the scalp. The triggered by verbal stimuli have been related to several different aspects of language processing 1. For example, the N component, peaking.   The results of Kauramäki and colleagues suggest that auditory selective attention in humans cannot be explained by a gain model, where only the neural activity level is increased, but rather that.


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Mechanisms of selective listening reflected by event-related brain potentials in humans by Kimmo Alho Download PDF EPUB FB2

Mechanisms of selective listening reflected by event-related brain potentials in humans. Helsinki: Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia: Distribution, Akateeminen Kirjakauppa, (OCoLC) Online version: Alho, Kimmo. Mechanisms of selective listening reflected by event-related brain potentials in humans.

Electroencephalograph)' and cfinical Neurophysiology,Elsevier Scientific Publishers Ireland, Ltd. EEG Brain mechanism of selective listening reflected by event-related potentials Kimmo Alho, Kimmo TSttrl~i, Kalevi Reinikainen, Mikko Sams and Risto N~i~it~inen Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki (Finland) Cited by: M.D.

Rugg, in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, Event-related potentials (ERPs) are small changes in the scalp-recorded electroencephalogram time-locked to the onset of an event such as a sensory stimulus or a motor act.

They represent neural activity elicited by the event and can be used to investigate how information is processed by. Abstract. Components of evoked potentials to stimuli differing in size and warning about the necessity of subsequent recognition of an image at the global or local level were analyzed to identify the specific features of selective attention in adults and seven-year-old by: 5.

Follow Kimmo Alho and explore their bibliography from 's Kimmo Alho Author Page. However, less is known about the neural mechanisms of group differences in attention, which could reveal the stages of processing at which attention deficits arise. The present study examined this question using an event-related brain potential (ERP) measure of Cited by: More specifically, event-related brain potentials (ERPs) are a class of electroencephalographic activity that occurs in response to, or in preparation for, a stimulus or response (Coles, Gratton.

The early days of auditory selective attention research used event-related potentials (ERPs), with a majority of studies focusing on the early and late selection models (for a review see, Giard.

Event-related brain potentials (ERPs) were recorded from subjects as they attended to colored bars that were flashed in random order to the left or right of fixation. The task was to detect slightly smaller target bars having a specified color (red or blue) and location (left or right).

The ERP elicited by stimuli at an attended location contained a sequence of phasic Cited by: This book is concerned with the intersection of two research areas: event-related brain potentials (ERPs) and cognitive psychology. In particular, we will be considering what has been learned and what might be learned about human cognitive func-tion by measuring ical activity of the brain through electrodes placed on the Size: 1MB.

This paper was presented at a colloquium entitled ‘‘Neuroimaging of Human Brain Function,’’ organized by Michael Posner and Marcus E. Raichle, held May 29–31,sponsored by the National Academy of Sciences at the Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center in Irvine, CA. Event-related brain potentials in the study of visual selective attention.

brain potentials associated with monitoring of cognitive performance, e.g., error-related negativity (ERN). These studies, as well as others measuring the intensity-depen-dency of auditory N1-P2 potentials, will be highlighted because they suggest the potential value of these ERP measures for predicting clinical response to antidepressants.

Neural Mechanisms of Event-related Potentials • Shah et al. lines above and below the box show the extent of the data, minus outliers. Results Theoretical Predictions Strict interpretations of the phase resetting and evoked models pose differing predictions for three specific properties of single-trial field potentials, as outlined in.

watchingasilent videoor readinga book).Itis not wellunderstood how brain responses are affected by selectively attending or listening to different acoustic/perceptual sources in compound auditory stimuli.

The aim of the present study was to investigate brain mecha-nisms that support selective listening of concurrent auditory stimuli. Event-related potentials obtained while judging game situations in foul recognition and a control task provided insight into focus of attention, selective attention, and processing strategy (top-down vs.

bottom-up). Results showed task-specific effects for advanced referees in components influenced by attentional focus and selective by:   Emotional cues can guide selective attention processes.

However, emotional stimuli can both activate long-term memory representations reflecting general world knowledge and engage newly formed Cited by: 3. An event-related potential (ERP) is the measured brain response that is the direct result of a specific sensory, cognitive, or motor event.

More formally, it is any stereotyped electrophysiological response to a stimulus. The study of the brain in this way provides a noninvasive means of evaluating brain functioning.

ERPs are measured by means of. Neural mechanisms of visual selective attention. GEORGE R. MANGUN Tele Tan and Sonya Girdler, Mechanisms of facial emotion recognition in autism spectrum disorders: Insights from eye tracking and electroencephalography, Neuroscience Evidence from event-related brain potentials, Journal of Research in Personality, 46 Cited by: a cannula is used to infuse a chemical into a particular brain area to destroy neurons.

In the s, ____________ was the first person to record the electrical activity of the brain in humans. EVALUATING LISTENING EFFORT USING EVENT-RELATED BRAIN POTENTIALS By Amy Kemp Maximizing the efficiency of listening effort is a critical goal for hearing rehabilitation.

The current study evaluates modulations in brain functions underlying semantic processing in easier versus more challenging listening conditions. The event-related potential (ERP) technique in cognitive neuroscience allows scientists to observe human brain activity that reflects specific cognitive processes.

In An Introduction to the Event-Related Potential Technique, Steve Luck offers the first comprehensive guide to the practicalities of conducting ERP experiments in cognitive neuroscience and related fields, including affective.

Introduction. Unilateral neglect is a frequent disabling sequela of right hemisphere damage (neglect of the right side of space, following left hemisphere damage, is a much less frequent phenomenon) (Halligan et al., ).Patients suffering from neglect may fail to acknowledge, respond, orient to, or report stimuli and events occurring on the contralesional Cited by: Overcoming Selective Ensemble Averaging: Unsupervised Identification of Event-Related Brain Potentials Daniel H.

Lange, Hava T. Siegelmann, Hillel Pratt, and Gideon F. Inbar Abstract— We present a novel approach to the problem of event-related potential (ERP) identification, based on a competitive artificial neural net-work (ANN) structure.